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Posts tagged "children"
A new project on the prevention and treatment of TB among children and adolescents in Atyrau

A new project on the prevention and treatment of TB among children and adolescents in Atyrau

During the round table organized on April 26, in the city of Atyrau, a new project “Introduction of highly effective measures on prevention and treatment of tuberculosis among children and adolescents of Atyrau” was presented. The goal of the project is to improve the organization of TB prevention measures among adolescents and children. The project is being implemented by the international organization Project HOPE Kazakhstan within the framework of the Social Investment Program Tengizchevroil LLP and in collaboration with the National Scientific Center for Phthisiopneumology of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The event was attended by representatives of the National Scientific Center for Phthisiopneumology, Project HOPE Kazakhstan, Tengizchevroil LLP, akimat (regional executive body) of Atyrau region, employees of the health care and education system. During the meeting, the situation with tuberculosis among children and adolescents in Kazakhstan and in the Atyrau region was presented. In particular, it was noted that the incidence of tuberculosis among children (0-14 years old) and adolescents (15-17 years old) is much higher in the city of Atyrau than the national average: among adolescents and children, the incidence of tuberculosis in 2017 is 1.5 times higher than the national average. Presenting the More…

New report highlights the urgent need for action on childhood tuberculosis

New report highlights the urgent need for action on childhood tuberculosis

A new report, Children and Tuberculosis: From Neglect to Action, outlining recommendations on how the international community and affected countries can combat childhood TB was released today by the ACTION global health advocacy partnership.  Despite the international community paying increasing attention to the issue of childhood tuberculosis and despite it being both preventable and treatable, TB remains a top ten killer of children worldwide. The WHO estimates 490,000 children get sick with TB each year, and up to 64,000 die as a result – although experts agree that actual figures are much higher. The report highlights the various issues facing children, predominantly the most vulnerable living in poverty, with TB. Not only are children prime targets given that their immune systems are not fully developed but the risk is further exacerbated by the lack of any appropriate, quality-assured paediatric TB drug formulations. As the report states: Drug companies perceive paediatric TB to be a small market with little profit. As a result, children are routinely excluded from drug treatment clinical trials and few child-friendly TB drugs exists, such as liquids or chewable tablets. In addition to the lack of child-friendly diagnostics, drugs, and vaccines, children are often overlooked or misdiagnosed in National TB Programmes. More…

The Burden of TB on Women: A Call to Action

The Burden of TB on Women: A Call to Action

“All my problems started with tuberculosis. I can say that tuberculosis destroyed my family since my father became ill… He was sick in the hospital a lot, my mom was by herself with no money… My family struggled, got in a lot of debt, which in a few years led to their not having a home… They were left on the street because of tuberculosis.”  Mariana, Bucharest, Romania This post is brought to you by Jonathan Stillo, an anthropologist who has been researching TB in Romania since 2006. He has interviewed over 100 patients as well as dozens of doctors and NGO representatives, visited numerous hospitals and sanatoria and even lived at one large sanatorium for several months. Jonathan tells the following stories of two young Romanian women and their experiences with TB. Women in Romania face special challenges when they or a loved one becomes infected with tuberculosis (TB). When women contract TB, they are often forced to choose between the welfare of their families and their own health.  Frequently, it is the work of caring for a sick relative, such as a father or husband, which first exposes Romanian women to TB.  Once infected, it becomes much more More…

Strong Advocacy Needed to Eliminate TB as a Major Killer of Children

Strong Advocacy Needed to Eliminate TB as a Major Killer of Children

Although a preventable and curable disease, TB makes up a considerable burden of disease affecting children. The WHO estimates that half a million children get sick with TB each year and up to 64,000 die as a result. However, most childhood TB researchers believe these figures represent a gross underestimation of the true problem as there is little data available on TB in children. Children are often left out of National TB Control Programmes because they tend to be less infectious than adults. Many health service providers also mistakenly consider TB to be an ‘adult’ disease. Because TB’s symptoms are often confused with symptoms of other common childhood diseases like pneumonia(treatment which can be carried out with the help of these tablets), children with TB are frequently misdiagnosed. Failing to deal with childhood TB cases means failing to address a reservoir of infection for future TB cases. We need strong advocacy to ensure that childhood TB does not remain a neglected issue. Diagnosing TB in children:  Children are more likely to have TB in places other than in their lungs (e.g. TB in the lymph nodes). Because of this, children are also much more difficult to identify. TB is usually diagnosed by taking a sputum sample More…

New ECDC and WHO joint report on TB: concern about multi drug-resistance and childhood TB

A new report, Tuberculosis surveillance in Europe 2009, a joint publication from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the WHO Regional Office for Europe to mark World Tuberculosis Day 2011, provides evidence for concern about the spread of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and the persistence of TB among children. ECDC is supporting WHO/Europe in developing a regional MDR-TB Plan and concerted actions are being taken to address childhood TB. While the EU/EEA Member States continue to mark a decline in the overall notification of TB cases, the report highlights the need to address childhood TB as a key component on the way towards TB elimination: Almost 40,000 TB cases in children were notified in the past decade with more than 3,300 reported cases in 2009. In addition, only 19 per cent of all childhood TB cases were confirmed bacteriologically – clearly indicating that TB diagnosis in children remains a major challenge even within the EU/EEA. Treatment outcome rates are the lowest recorded globally with the highest multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) rates in the world recorded within the region. The number of deaths and patients lost to follow-up are still a matter for concern. Vulnerable populations, including children, still More…

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